Wednesday, 17 August 2011

Conditions of the acceptance of the Shahaadatayn


My question deal with a topic I heard in a khutbah. The Imam spoke about our khalimah. And he said it has conditions, that the ulama have given 9 or so, that you must have in order to gain access to jannah. He said just saying the words would not be enough. I wanted to know what were those conditions. He gave a few that I can remember. The first being knowledge of the Khalimah. The second being yaqeen. I would like to know if you know of this, and if I could be given the rest? Any help you may be able to provide would be appreciated insha Allah

Praise be to Allaah. 

seems that by “kalimah” you mean the Kalimat
al-Tawheed (lit. Word of Divine Unity), which is the Shahaadatayn,
“Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Muhammadun Rasool-Allaah (There is no
god except Allaah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah).” This is
also what the khateeb was
referring to. 

are a number of conditions attached to the Shahaadatayn,
which are as follows: 


means knowing the meaning of the Shahaadah,
both the negation (There is no god) and the affirmation (except Allaah),
knowledge as opposed to ignorance of this.

says (interpretation of the meaning):

know (O Muhammad) that Laa ilaaha ill -Allaah (none has the right to be
worshipped but Allaah)…”


for those who bear witness to the truth knowingly [i.e., that there is no
god except Allaah, and they know” [al-Zukhruf 43:86]
– they know in their hearts the meanings of the words that their mouths

is reported in al-Saheeh
that ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The
Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Whoever dies knowing that there is no god except Allaah will enter


is certainty as opposed to doubt, whereby the person who says this [the Shahaadah]
is absolutely certain about the meaning of these words, because faith does
not count unless it is based on certain knowledge, not on knowledge based
on speculation, let alone doubt.

says (interpretation of the meaning):

those are the believers who have believed in Allaah and His Messenger, and
afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the
Cause of Allaah. Those! They are the truthful”


condition of their being truthful in their belief in Allaah and His
Messenger is that they should not doubt. The one who doubts is a hypocrite
– Allaah forbid.

is reported in al-Saheeh that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him)
said: The Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “Bear witness that there is no god except Allaah and that I
am the Messenger of Allaah, for no person meets Allaah with these two
(words), not doubting in them, and is kept away from Paradise.”


means that one accepts with one’s heart and with one’s words that
which is implied by this kalimah. Allaah says concerning the one who accepts it
(interpretation of the meaning):

the chosen slaves of Allaah (i.e. the true believers of Islamic

them there will be a known provision (in Paradise),

and they shall be honoured,

the Gardens of Delight (Paradise)…


brings a good deed (i.e. belief in the Oneness of Allaah along with every
deed of righteousness), will have better than its worth; and they will be
safe from the terror on that Day”


was narrated in al-Saheeh from Abu Moosa (may Allaah be pleased with him)
that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

likeness of the guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me is a
great deal of rain which falls on the land. Some of the land is fertile:
it absorbs the water and brings forth a lot of grass and vegetation. Other
parts of the land are infertile, but they hold the water and Allaah
benefits the people thereby, so that they drink it, and water their
animals and irrigate their lands with it. A third part of the land is
plains which do not hold the water and where no plants grow. This is like
the person who understands the religion of Allaah and benefits from the
Message with which Allaah sent me, so he learns and teaches others (what
he has learned), and the person who does not pay attention or accept the
guidance of Allaah with which I was sent.”


means submitting to what is implied by the Shahaadatayn,
as opposed to ignoring or neglecting it.

says (interpretation of the meaning):

turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism)
to your Lord and submit to Him (in Islam)”


who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to
Allaah (i.e. follows Allaah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism); and he is
a Muhsin (a good-doer


whosoever submits his face (himself) to Allaah, while he is a Muhsin
(good-doer, i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allaah’s sake
without any show-off or to gain praise or fame and does them in accordance
with the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger Muhammad), then he has grasped the
most trustworthy handhold [Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (none has the right to be
worshipped but Allaah)]. And to Allaah return all matters for decision”


his face” means, he submits fully. “While he is a muhsin
(good-doer)” means he affirms the Unity of Allaah.

Truthfulness, true belief

means, meaning what you say, as opposed to lying. This means saying it
from the heart, where the heart agrees with the words being uttered.

says (interpretation of the meaning): 

Laam Meem.

letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’aan, and none but Allaah
(Alone) knows their meanings.]

people think that they will be left alone because they say: ‘We
believe,’ and will not be tested.

We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allaah will certainly
make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make
(it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allaah knows
all that before putting them to test)…


al-Saheehayn it was narrated
from Mu’aadh ibn Jabal (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“There is no
one who bears witness that there is no god except Allaah and that Muhammad
is the Messenger of Allaah, truly from his heart, but Allaah will protect
him from the Fire.”



means purity of action with a sound intention, free from any contamination
of shirk. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):

the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allaah only”


they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship
none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)…”


al-Saheeh it is narrated
from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “The people who will be most deserving of my
intercession will be those who say Laa
ilaaha ill-Allaah sincerely from their hearts or their


means love for this word and for what it implies, and its people, those
who act upon it and adhere to its conditions; and hatred of whatever goes
against it.

says (interpretation of the meaning):

of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allaah as rivals
(to Allaah). They love them as they love Allaah. But those who believe,
love Allaah more (than anything else).”


sign that a person loves his Lord is that he gives priority to what Allaah
loves even if it goes against his own desires, and he hates what Allaah
hates, even if it is something to which he is inclined.. He takes as
friends those who are friends of Allaah and His Messenger and he takes as
enemies those who are the enemies of Allaah and His Messenger. He follows
His Messenger
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), follows in
his footsteps and accepts his guidance .All of these signs are conditions
of this love, and it cannot be imagined that this love can exist without
any of these conditions.

Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

are three things which if a person finds them, he has found the sweetness
of faith: when Allaah and His Messenger are dearer to him than all else;
when he loves a person for no other reason than for the sake of Allaah;
and when he hates to return to kufr after Allaah has saved him from it as
he would hate to be thrown into fire.” (Narrated from the hadeeth of
Anas ibn Maalik).

scholars added an eighth condition, which is the rejection of all things
that are worshipped instead of Allaah (al-kufr
bi’l-taaghoot or rejection of false gods). The Prophet

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever says Laa
ilaaha ill-Allaah and
rejects everything that is worshipped instead of Allaah, his property and
his blood will be sacred [i.e., it is forbidden to seize his property or
shed his blood] and his reckoning will be with Allaah.” (Narrated by
Muslim). In order for his property and his blood to be protected, he must,
in addition to saying Laa ilaaha
ill-Allaah, also reject whatever is worshipped instead of
Allaah, no matter who or what it is.

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